Mhra Bibliography No Author Format

MHRA requires that Primary sources and Secondary sources are listed separately in the bibliography.

Primary sources are original materials. These can include newspaper articles, letters, memoirs, autobiographies, speeches, diaries, images, government records etc.

NOTE: Primary sources need to be alphabetically listed separately from secondary sources in your bibliography.

Examples:

First footnote:
Fulbert of Chartres, The Letters and Poems of Fulbert of Chartres, ed. by Frederick Behrends (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976), pp. 100-03 (p.102).

Bibliography:
Fulbert of Chartres, The Letters and Poems of Fulbert of Chartres, ed. by Frederick Behrends (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976)

Secondary sources cite, comment on, or build upon primary sources.

NOTE: Secondary sources need to be alphabetically listed separately from primary sources in your bibliography.

Examples:

First Footnote:
Bonnie Wheeler, Listening to Heloise: The Voice of a Twelfth- Century Woman (New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000), p. 64.

Bibliography:
Wheeler, Bonnie, Listening to Heloise: The Voice of a Twelfth-Century Woman (New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000)

There are two versions of the MHRA Reference Style.  If you have been advised to use MHRA check with your school to confirm which version you should use.  

  • Footnotes and Bibliography OR
  • Author-Date

Author-Date:

With this version short citations are given in parenthesis within the text, and a bibliography is added at the end of the document.  Where the author's name is given within your text, it should not be repeated within the citation.

In-text citation:

(Surname Year: page)

e.g.

(Carroll and Markosian 2010: 83)

Bibliography entry:

Surname, First Name. Year. Title (Place: Publisher)

e.g

Carroll, John W. and Markosian, Ned. 2010. An introduction to metaphysics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

Ordering the Bibliography 

In the MHRA Author-Date style, the bibliography is organised alphabetically by the surnames of the authors.

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