Essay Euthanasia

How to write a euthanasia argumentative essay?

The task to write an argumentative essay is to put in use the reasoning skills gathered by the students over the years of learning. The main idea is to tell the reader why your reasoning is true and provide evidence to support the same. The issues surrounding euthanasia are many with broad ideas. It is therefore, important to research and outline a proper thesis in the beginning and exhaust a single topic with counter arguments.

Researching the topic

The first step in writing a euthanasia argumentative essay is to research the topic. There are many sources online that would give adequate account of the topic at hand. The sources need to be scholarly and very relevant to the counter argument you intend to use. This will get you familiar with the topic.

The following are the most recent arguments that  have developed about euthanasia:

  • Is euthanasia legal?
  • Do people have the right to proclaim that the suffering is too much and should therefore be set free from the suffering?
  • What are the reasonable approaches that could be used to assist medical practitioners on the challenges of euthanasia?
  • Is active euthanasia enough to be considered as murder?
  • Why has voluntary active euthanasia been a challenging issue in the United States?
  • Outline the arguments that have been forwarded over the years for or against euthanasia with strong arguments to support your claims.
  • What is the is the possible future of euthanasia in our country.
  • What are the reasons for criminalization of euthanasia in our country.

Then write an outline that identifies the main point that you intend to use in the paper. Focus on developing every part of the outline and the important points should not be left out. Having a clear outline will ease the part of writing the body for the essay. It will direct the logical thoughts and ensure that you do not leave out anything important to your essay. The structure of the outline will determine whether the argumentative essay will be objective and a success.

Writing the Thesis Statement for the essay

The thesis statement of every essay is a summary of the main points of the essay. It should be clear and precise to tell the reader what the essay is about. The thesis appears in the first paragraph of the essay. The first paragraph introduces the topic and explains its importance.  Before  writing the thesis, give a slight background of the topic to ensure that the reader will easily understand your thesis. The thesis statement should be focused on the topic and appear at the last sentence of the introduction paragraph.

Example of Euthanasia thesis could be ‘ Taking life with or without the consent of the owner is murder.’

Developing body paragraphs of a euthanasia argumentative essay

Each body paragraph should be focused in addressing a key issue and assist in developing the argument of the thesis. Better yet, you can decide to dedicate each research source to its own paragraph. Here is where a proper outline comes in handy. Give your arguments accompanied with solid evidence to support each claim.

You might include a single paragraph with a philosopher’s argument that does not agree with your own. Give evidence of this opinion with the source cited. In this paragraph ensure to outline why you think the argument is weak and out of topic respectfully. Considering the ideas of an opposing argument is a good way to strengthen your own and it is widely viewed to be polite. The conclusion paragraph should give a summary of the reasons outlined in the body. End the essay with a repeat of the thesis statement in the conclusion paragraph.

Once you are done with the essay, it is time to proofread and ensure that the essay has taken an argumentative format. Check that the ideas are connected logically and the arguments are well organized. Look out for areas that you may add some contractions and that the essay does not follow a casual tone and style.

Ask a question

You may have heard of the stories of a doctor or nurse deliberately helping their incurable patient pass on to the other side. They are usually promptly arrested, and the mass media enjoys giving these persons names like “Angels of Death” or “Suicide Helpers.” Some people might think such doctors’ actions are merciful and graceful, since many patients who are terminally ill are waiting to die, sometimes being in severe pain. Yet, there are also opponents to this rationale who claim that killing is still killing, no matter what motives the murderer had, or how difficult the patient’s suffering was. One of the main questions in treating patients who cannot be cured is whether mercy killings are to be allowed legally to help end someone’s suffering—the answer should be, “No.”

Euthanasia—the proper term for mercy killing—is the practice of intentionally ending a life in order to relieve pain and suffering. This assumes a patient is aware they are going to die, and in some cases, they must administer the poison themselves. This is also called assisted suicide.

Arguments supporting euthanasia usually present the fact that the patient would have no cure, and no way of contributing to society in the state they are in. They claim humanity cannot help such individuals either: all that can be done is prolonging their agony when suffering from terminal diseases, or letting them live with a defective life in the case of suffering from serious mental deviations. However, the very thought of killing people due to their disabilities seems unnatural; besides, who is competent and authorized enough to decide whom to kill and whom to let live?

The German child Gerhard Kretschmar, whose case is one of the most well-known examples of euthanasia, was born blind, missing limbs, and prone to convulsions. Adolf Hitler gave Kretschmar’s doctor permission to commit a child murder, since medicine could not help him. This incident started the Nazis’ T4 Program (that implied killing incurably ill people, as well as physically and mentally-disabled individuals), and led to the killings of almost 300,000 mentally and physically handicapped people who otherwise would have no other way of being cured (BBC). The problem is that while Kretchmar’s killing was done by parental consent, 5,000 to 8,000 children were forcibly taken from their parents because the state decided to do so. These children were either starved to death or killed by lethal injection.

As the T4 Program continued, handicapped people were killed with gas vans and killing centers, eventually leading to the death of 70,000 German adults. Since this campaign was clearly being used as a murderous machine to take out the unwanted, the definition of euthanasia was stretched to fit the government’s viewpoint. The main danger here is that in the scenario of modern society weakening its control over the issue of euthanasia, history can repeat itself and soon it will be up to the government whether or not you are able to contribute to society.

People who want to commit suicide—due to despair, disappointment, or for any other reason—seem to be unwilling to make this fearsome step on their own. Thus, they strive to share the responsibility of cutting their lives short in the presence of others, basically with doctors. But if a person feels they want to die, they should not bring in someone to do it. If suicide is illegal, then why are we helping people commit suicide? The very fact that people call it mercy killing does not mean that it stops to be a murder, since you still take their lives away.

Euthanasia is an act of seeming mercy, and should not be allowed legally. While being justified as humane towards people who suffer and cannot live a full life, it is a murder no better than many others and different only in motives. No person is authorized to decide whether another person should live or die except that person. In the case of an individual deciding to pass away beforehand, no one should help him or her in this deed. Besides, there exists the danger that governments may take the role of a judge deciding whom to kill, as it has happened in Nazi Germany. The consequences of this could be truly dreadful.

References:
BBC-Genocide Under the Nazis Timeline: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/interactive/timelines/nazi_genocide_timeline/index_embed.shtml.

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