Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work.
The Forcefulness of Love
Romeo and Julietis the most famous love story in the English literary tradition. Love is naturally the play’s dominant and most important theme. The play focuses on romantic love, specifically the intense passion that springs up at first sight between Romeo and Juliet. In Romeo and Juliet, love is a violent, ecstatic, overpowering force that supersedes all other values, loyalties, and emotions. In the course of the play, the young lovers are driven to defy their entire social world: families (“Deny thy father and refuse thy name,” Juliet asks, “Or if thou wilt not, be but sworn my love, / And I’ll no longer be a Capulet”); friends (Romeo abandons Mercutio and Benvolio after the feast in order to go to Juliet’s garden); and ruler (Romeo returns to Verona for Juliet’s sake after being exiled by the Prince on pain of death in 2.1.76–78). Love is the overriding theme of the play, but a reader should always remember that Shakespeare is uninterested in portraying a prettied-up, dainty version of the emotion, the kind that bad poets write about, and whose bad poetry Romeo reads while pining for Rosaline. Love in Romeo and Juliet is a brutal, powerful emotion that captures individuals and catapults them against their world, and, at times, against themselves.
The powerful nature of love can be seen in the way it is described, or, more accurately, the way descriptions of it so consistently fail to capture its entirety. At times love is described in the terms of religion, as in the fourteen lines when Romeo and Juliet first meet. At others it is described as a sort of magic: “Alike bewitchèd by the charm of looks” (2.Prologue.6). Juliet, perhaps, most perfectly describes her love for Romeo by refusing to describe it: “But my true love is grown to such excess / I cannot sum up some of half my wealth” (3.1.33–34). Love, in other words, resists any single metaphor because it is too powerful to be so easily contained or understood.
Romeo and Juliet does not make a specific moral statement about the relationships between love and society, religion, and family; rather, it portrays the chaos and passion of being in love, combining images of love, violence, death, religion, and family in an impressionistic rush leading to the play’s tragic conclusion.
Love as a Cause of Violence
The themes of death and violence permeate Romeo and Juliet, and they are always connected to passion, whether that passion is love or hate. The connection between hate, violence, and death seems obvious. But the connection between love and violence requires further investigation.
Love, in Romeo and Juliet, is a grand passion, and as such it is blinding; it can overwhelm a person as powerfully and completely as hate can. The passionate love between Romeo and Juliet is linked from the moment of its inception with death: Tybalt notices that Romeo has crashed the feast and determines to kill him just as Romeo catches sight of Juliet and falls instantly in love with her. From that point on, love seems to push the lovers closer to love and violence, not farther from it. Romeo and Juliet are plagued with thoughts of suicide, and a willingness to experience it: in Act 3, scene 3, Romeo brandishes a knife in Friar Lawrence’s cell and threatens to kill himself after he has been banished from Verona and his love. Juliet also pulls a knife in order to take her own life in Friar Lawrence’s presence just three scenes later. After Capulet decides that Juliet will marry Paris, Juliet says, “If all else fail, myself have power to die” (3.5.242). Finally, each imagines that the other looks dead the morning after their first, and only, sexual experience (“Methinks I see thee,” Juliet says, “. . . as one dead in the bottom of a tomb” (3.5.55–56). This theme continues until its inevitable conclusion: double suicide. This tragic choice is the highest, most potent expression of love that Romeo and Juliet can make. It is only through death that they can preserve their love, and their love is so profound that they are willing to end their lives in its defense. In the play, love emerges as an amoral thing, leading as much to destruction as to happiness. But in its extreme passion, the love that Romeo and Juliet experience also appears so exquisitely beautiful that few would want, or be able, to resist its power.
Flirting Lessons from Romeo & Juliet
The Individual Versus Society
Much of Romeo and Juliet involves the lovers’ struggles against public and social institutions that either explicitly or implicitly oppose the existence of their love. Such structures range from the concrete to the abstract: families and the placement of familial power in the father; law and the desire for public order; religion; and the social importance placed on masculine honor. These institutions often come into conflict with each other. The importance of honor, for example, time and again results in brawls that disturb the public peace.
More main ideas from Romeo and Juliet
Juliet's Relationship With Her Parents In William Shakespeare's Romeo And Juliet
Juliet's Relationship With Her Parents in William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet
Lord and Lady Capulet have a distant, but affectionate relationship
with their daughter, Juliet. At the beginning of the play, the parents
think that Juliet is a respectful girl and listens to the parents
needs. Lord Capulet has a positive and loving attitude towards Juliet
at the beginning. This is proven in Act 1 scene 2 when Lord Capulet
and County Paris are having a conversation on marriage. County Paris
wants to marry the young and beautiful Juliet. Lord Capulet agrees to
the decision but says that Juliet is the centre of his life and that
she also has to make a decision and that his decision is only one-half
of the consent and the rest is up to her. At the same time, Lady
Capulet is always the same, distant and a careless mother towards
Juliet. Later on, Lord and Lady Capulet change altogether. They start
being bad-mannered and threatening towards Juliet. They threaten her
by telling her that they will throw her out of the house if she does
not marry County Paris.
At the starting of the play, Lord Capulet and County Paris are having
a conversation about Paris marrying Juliet. Lord Capulet is very
courteous and tells County Paris that he has to win Juliet's heart if
he wants to take her hand in marriage and to be his wife. Lord Capulet
also says that he has only half of the saying and that the rest of the
decision making is all up to his daughter, Juliet. Lord Capulet does
not want to force Juliet to marry County Paris at a very early age, so
he tells County Paris to wait for two more summers to go by, meaning
two more years and then if they love each other, they can marry each
other. Juliet's relationship with her mother is very formal and Lady
Capulet does not have a lot of interest in what Juliet has to say or
do. Lady Capulet always expects Juliet to listen to her whenever she
wants her to do so. Lady Capulet just wants Juliet to get married to
County Paris because when she was Juliet's age, she was already
married and thought that they will be recognized more because County
Paris I related to the Prince, so she thought that their families
social standards will go higher than before. Lady Capulet talk's to
Juliet just for the sake of it and her feelings toward Juliet is not
like other mothers. In other words, it is appalling and cold because
Juliet is still very young and should always have the love and
pleasant relationship between her and her parents. Because Lady
Capulet wants Juliet to get married to County Paris, she uses a
metaphor to describe it. She says that "Juliet is the cover of the
book and that Paris is the book". This shows the love of one parent to
their daughter. It seems like Lady Capulet likes County Paris even
more than her own child, Juliet by using unappreciated word...
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