Energy is considered to be the most essential instrument for the socio economical development of a country. Energy is required for running machinery in industries, for lighting in our house, for running of various household products, and for powering the auto mobiles. The consumption and demand of energy has been increased with the industrial development and growth of population but unfortunately the production of energy has not increased to that extend.
Supply of energy is, therefore for less than the actual demand. The result of it is crisis. So, energy crisis can be defined as “any great bottle neck (or price rise) in the supply of energy resources to an economy”
Pakistan’s energy sector is in fact underdeveloped and badly managed. Our country has been facing severe energy crisis now a days. Rapidly increasing demand has not been fulfilled due to outdated infrastructure, lack of planning and mishandling of resources. It has affected the seasonal availability of energy which has worsened the situation.
Consequently, the demand exceeds supply so load shedding has become common phenomenon due to power shortfall.
Pakistan is rich in resources that can be used in the production of energy. These resources include both renewable and non renewable resources. The non renewable resources are gas, coal, petroleum products and etc. the most important of renewable resources is hydro power. There are other resources as well for example wind, solar energy, agriculture biomass, tidal power, nuclear etc. but still this country is facing worst kind of energy crisis.
It is high time to develop a rational energy planning giving greater dependency on the use of our own resources to avoid the ultimate collapse of our industry. The energy crisis has been directly influencing the economy of the country. It is hampering the agricultural productivity as well as halting in operations of industries. The increasing rate of inflection of commodity prices is attributed to the short fall of energy supply. The closure of factors and less agricultural productivity has caused the job opportunities. Consequently, unemployment is more and people are becoming poor to poorer. The short fall has affected the domestic usage.
In a nut shell, energy crisis has plagued, more or less, all sectors of Pakistan’s economy ranging from agriculture to industry, inflation to poverty, domestic to social life. However, the problem of energy crisis can only be resolved by government by making effective polices and its proactive implementation.
Energy Crisis in the World
The World on the Brink of an Oil Crisis
Harnessing New sources of Energy
In an industrially advanced world of today, the demand for energy is increasing day by day. Energy is required to run our factories and machines, to run our planes, trains, cars and buses, to drive our ships and submarines, to make the wheel move. The major sources of energy so far have been coal and oil. But with the passage of time, coal and oil are bound to be used up. According to all indications, it is clear that the world is heading fast towards a major energy crisis. It is estimated that at the present rate of consumption, entire estimated range of recoverable oil in the world will be completely exhausted by the year 2015 or 2025.
The position in respect of coal in the world is also equally bad. In another 25 to 30 years, the coal mines would stop giving out coal. It will be a difficult situation. The developing countries of the world have already started looking for other sources of energy. Atomic energy, which promises a big hope, is full of risks and hazards. Moreover, atomic energy can be produced only at a very high cost. It has been calculated that nuclear construction costs are rising every day. They have now risen to 1000 dollars a kilowatt from one hundred dollars in 1960. Again, nuclear plants do not last forever. Their average life is 50 years. When they are dead, they cannot be dismantled like any other plant. They have to be buried deep and guarded forever. For these reasons the world has to think twice before committing itself completely to nuclear power.
The scientists are now trying to harness solar, biogas, water and air reserves. Water is being used in a big way to produce hydroelectric power at comparatively cheaper rates. Similarly, air mills are being developed in advanced countries of the world. Solar energy, too, has a bright future. Thermal generating units depending upon solar energy are being developed at a fast rate. Giant dishes are made to concentrate the sunlight on the thermal generators which use this sunlight to produce energy. Animal and human wastes are also being rapidly exploited as a source of energy.
The position in respect of energy in India is not very discouraging . The production of oil in the country is fast increasing. It has doubled from 15 million tonnes to 30 million tonnes during the last five years. India is able to produce 60 per cent of her needs but it cannot hope to be self- sufficient soon. India has already started harnessing sources other than oil and coal. But she can do so only with the constraints of the capital resources available with her. Thirty per cent of the country’s capital investment under the Seventh Plan was used for the energy sector. At present, we are paying a very high price for our petrol. Kerosene, the poor man’s fuel, is rationed. Water pumps in the agricultural farms have no diesel, shortage of furnace oil is threatening the closure of several industries.
A few years ago, our oil experts were highly optimistic as they struck oil in the Bombay High wells, “We have hit the jackpot,” said they. The ONGC authorities have discovered oil at a few more discovered oil fields. As the situation stands today we are not producing enough while our consumption is increasing every week.
All this only means that our planners must rise to the occasion and evolve a national energy policy to make use of all the available sources so that the country is saved from a difficult situation and the sun. On the international field, the developed countries of the world must launch a massive programme for harnessing all available sources of energy. They must also help the relatively less affluent countries to harness new sources of energy i.e. unconventional sources of energy.
mulberry bags outlet
mulberry bags outlet
cheap ray ban glasses
michael kors handbags on sale
basket jordan homme
mulberry sale bags
basket jordan pas cher
mcm boston bag